Adolescent Programme


UNAIDS estimates that there are 320,000 adolescents living with HIV in South Africa – this is the highest in the world. And with more than half of all HIV infections occurring in young people between the ages 15 and 24, the HIV epidemic in South Africa has largely become a youth epidemic. At the same time as we care for our children born with HIV as they grow up, we need to care for those who contract HIV in adolescence and protect those who are HIV negative from becoming infected.

Young people in South Africa represent a positive force in society, but they also face many challenges. Young people are also exposed to risks and pressures that can lead to early and unintended pregnancy, other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and smoking, drug or alcohol dependency. Many are also exposed to violence and exploitative situations. It is unacceptable that young people in South Africa, who account for a significant proportion of the total population, continue to face disturbingly high life chances of morbidity and early death.

Adolescents living with HIV are often denied HIV services or are unable to access them due to age- and behavior related discrimination, gender and socio-economic inequalities. HIV-positive children are growing up and entering adolescence as a result of the successful provision and scale-up of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) to children. Importantly, as the number of adolescents living with HIV continues to increase, healthcare providers will need to acquire new skills to help them to remain on cART and navigate the transition to adulthood.

Our own experience from ten years of working in South Africa with children and young people living with HIV has highlighted several key factors that prevent public health services from meeting the needs of young people with HIV. These include:

  • Accessibility (opening hours, travel distances)
  • Systemic challenges (management, stock supply, staff shortages)
  • Concerns about confidentiality and privacy
  • Attitudes, skills and behaviour of staff.

To address these issues public health facilities must be transformed into better performing adolescent and youth-friendly clinics. CHIVA Africas Our Youth, Our Future programme for adolescents was set up because we believe that once a life has been saved, we have a responsibility to make it one worth living.


Our dedicated teams of youth facilitators and international Sexual and Reproductive Health experts deliver a ten-month training and mentoring programme to each clinic.

Each day spent with a health facility is geared towards achieving agreed government targets for Adolescent and Youth Friendly Services (AYFS). More importantly, by the end of the programme each facility will be delivering services which help young people living with HIV to fulfil their potential, as well as providing comprehensive Sexual and Reproductive Health education, HIV prevention and health education to all adolescents and youth accessing their services.

Our belief is that all adolescents are entitled to receive quality healthcare services; for both treatment and prevention of disease. We work to build relationships of engagement and cooperation between clinic staff, young people and civil society at large to improve accountability, promote mutual understanding and cooperation, and shared ownership of challenges, successes and actions needed to sustain quality service provision. Through increasing the skills and capacity of all, the desire to provide quality treatment and prevention for all adolescents and youth will be realised. Whilst our programme addresses key challenges affecting adolescents with HIV (including access and retention on ART, disclosure and sexual and reproductive health issues), we work to ensure that facilities are educated and skilled to provide treatment and prevention services for all adolescents (including those with non-communicable diseases).

The implementation of our model is in partnership with the District Department of Health that we are supporting; who work alongside other government partners (including Departments of Social Development and Basic Education) and civil society to develop and deliver services to adolescents. This promotes ownership of the programme by our DOH partners, enables understanding of core components of AYFS at district level, and increases their ability and commitment to both sustaining selected clinic service delivery and roll-out of support to other clinics under their management.

New Chance For Life

‘NEW CHANCE FOR LIFE’ – Paediatric Programme

CHIVA Africa is dedicated to improving healthcare for children living with HIV. Our core paediatric programme, ‘New Chance for Life’ works closely with individual healthcare clinics to identify the specific challenges they face and help staff improve care. Initially, ARV treatment for children was a hospital-based, physician-driven treatment offered only at accredited sites, which limited access to services and overwhelmed hospital systems.